Welcome to Kaliningrad
The Kaliningrad Oblast is the westernmost region of the Russian Federation.
Königsberg (as the city of Kaliningrad was once known) was founded by Teutonic knights in the XIII century. It became one of the cities of the Hanseatic League and was once the capital of Prussia. The philosopher Immanuel Kant spent all his life in the city and died there in 1804.
After the German defeat in 1918, the Polish Corridor of Danzig separated East Prussia and Königsberg from the rest of Germany. Hitler’s desire to reunite them was one of the sparks that lit WWII. The three months campaign by which the Red Army took the region in 1945 was one of the fiercest of the war, with hundreds of thousands of casualties on both sides. The Conference of the Allies, which took place in Berlin in 1945, gave East Prussia to USSR.
Today Kaliningrad is a dynamically developing trade and industrial centre of Russia’s westernmost region. The historical legacy of many centuries, which has garnered interest in the past years, successfully intertwines with signs of the third millennium, creating a unique combination, which attracts guests from all over the world.
The distance to the Russian capitals:
- 1200 km to Moscow,
- 1200 km to Saint-Petersburg
The distances to most European capitals are relatively short:
- 350 km to Vilnius,
- 400 km to Warsaw,
- 600 km to Berlin,
- 650 km to Stockholm,
- 680 km to Copenhagen.
Area of Kaliningrad region— 15,100 km²
Population — 1 million inhabitants
Density of population — 62.1 people/km²
Level of urbanization — 76.4 %
Borders with the European Union:
Poland is in the south
Lithuania is in the north and east
Largest cities: Kaliningrad, Sovetsk, Chernyakhovsk, Baltijsk, Gusev.
In Kaliningrad there are museums (museum of amber, historical and artistic, the World Ocean, Art Gallery, Fortification Museum, etc.), theaters, major libraries (in particular, fragments of the medieval book collection - Wallenrodt Library), a zoo, a botanical garden.
Kaliningrad is the westernmost regional center of the country. A large transport junction: railways and highways; sea and river ports; the international airport Khrabrovo. In this section you will learn how to get to Kaliningrad from central Russia.
Centuries-old historical heritage, interest in which has extremely increased in recent years, successfully intertwines with the signs of the third millennium, creating a unique combination that attracts visitors from all over the world.
Everyone who comes to Kaliningrad immediately catches the eye of its cultural and historical uniqueness, which is especially clearly manifested in the architectural appearance of the city. And despite the fact that the architecture of Koenigsberg was seriously damaged during the Second World War, the city still has enough objects that are of undoubted interest for history lovers.
These include fortifications, city gates, churches, the Cathedral and other architectural monuments, which in their monumental appearance store a lot of non-verbal historical and cultural information.
Any walk around the city necessarily involves visiting the unique museum complex "Museum of the World Ocean" and the Museum of Amber, located in the defensive tower "Der Dona".
Tired of hiking through the city streets, you can sit over a cup of coffee in one of the many cafes. Fans of shopping, too, will not be disappointed. There are many boutiques and various shopping centers in Kaliningrad, as well as souvenir shops.
The Curonian Spit is a long and narrow sand peninsula stretching from southwest to northeast from Zelenogradsk of the Kaliningrad Region to the Lithuanian city of Klaipeda. The Curonian peninsula is the world's longest spit that separates the freshwater Curonian Lagoon from the Baltic Sea.
Since 1987, the Russian half of the Curonian Spit has been a national park, which was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.
In summer the city becomes a real festival platform of international level.
In Kaliningrad, Russia's only international organ competition named after Mikael Tariverdiev, the international festival "Amber necklace" is held. The international festival "Kaliningrad City Jazz" has become traditional, during which you have a unique opportunity to see and hear world-size stars. The theater festival "Baltic Seasons" was widely popular among residents and visitors of the city, during which famous Russian theaters, symphony orchestras, theatrical troupes toured in Kaliningrad.
1. 8 reasons to come to Kaliningrad
- Only here you can take a stroll along the Kant's island, enjoy the sight of the Cathedral, stand by the Kant's tomb thinking about perpetual peace.
- Only here you can stroke a merry Prussian cat in the Museum “King's Gate”.
- Only here when you go to the Museum of the World Ocean you can visit the legendary scientific research vessel “Vityaz” and the unique Russian Space Agency's vessel “Kosmonavt Viktor Patsayev” and after that explore the compartments of the battle submarine “B-413”.
- Only here you can visit the Amber Museum, see the model of the Amber Room and admire the luxurious amber chess.
- Only here you can visit the perfectly preserved Fort No. 5 “King Friedrich Wilhelm III”.
- Only here you can rest from studying on the beautiful sandy beaches and dunes of the Curonian Spit – a unique corner on the planet Earth that is included to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- Only here you can have a swim in the warm Baltic Sea and sunbathe on the finest тgolden sand in Svetlogorsk – the largest resort on the Kaliningrad seashore.
- And finally, only here you can experience all delights of the changeable Kaliningrad weather and understand the meaning of the saying: “If you don't like the weather, just wait a few minutes...
2. The main touristic places in the Kaliningrad region
21, Klinicheskaya Str., tel.: +7 (4012) 453 902
Opening hours: Tuesday – Sunday 11 a.m. – 7 p.m.
1, Kanta Street (Island of Kant), tel.: +7 (4012) 631 705
Opening hours: Everyday – 9 a.m. – 5 p.m.
1 Peter the Great Quay, tel.: +7 (4012) 531 744
Opening hours: Wednesday – Sunday 11 a.m. – 6 p.m.
1 Marshala Vasilevskogo Square, tel.: +7 (4012) 461 563
Opening hours: Tuesday – Sunday 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.
60/62, Moskovsky Prospect, tel. +7 (4012) 467 166
Opening hours: Tuesday – Sunday 11 a.m. – 7 p.m.
2а, Universitetskaya Street, tel. +7 (4012) 430 593
Opening hours: Tuesday – Sunday 10 a.m. – 5 p.m.
112, Frunze Street, tel.: +7 (4012) 581 272
Curonian Spit is on the UNESCO World Heritage list
tel.: +7 (4012) 532 907
Regional Tourism Information Center - 4, Prospekt Mira Street, tel: +7 (4012) 957-980
3. Königsberg University (Albertina)
The Albertina was the University of Königsberg in East Prussia. It was founded in 1544 as a Protestant academy by Duke Albert of Prussia. Over the years I. Hamann, J. Herder, F. Bessel, K.Jacobi, F. Lindemann, A. Hurwitz, D. Hilbert, H. Helmholtz lectured at the Albertina. K. Donelaitis, the founder of Lithuanian literature studied theology there. T. A. Hoffmann, a famous writer and composer, attended lectures on philosophy.
The historical building of the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University located in Universitetskaya street is one of the authentic building of the Albertina University built in 1856-1862.
Address: 2, Universitetskaya str.
If you are interested in learning more about the fascinating sights of the University, you are welcome to book a guided tour in one of them. Please contact us by email -firstname.lastname@example.org