GLOBAL GEOPOLITICAL RISKS: Assessing Uncertainties in a Changing World
By Andreas Andrianopoulos
• The Analysis of Risk. Uncertainties Because of the Times. Uncertainties Because of the Dominant Culture. Uncertainties Because of Economic Phenomena. Uncertainties Because of Geopolitical Shifts
• Uncertainty and risk. Everyday we run risks. In our days risk is a way of life. Consideration of any kind of risk necessary for planning movements and initiatives.
• Uncertainties Because of Culture. Culture was always crucial for change and for the pursuit of progress. In our changing times culture is no longer a factor of education and progress and has become a mechanism for seduction and misguidance. The culture of today resembles a super store with its shelves full with new products triggering the appetite to consumer and live a dream life. These shelves, however, are renewed almost daily – thus preserving the consumer appetite alive and constantly unsatisfied.
• Economic Risks. Volatility of Food Prices. Skyrocketing of Energy Prices. Considerable Losses of the Dollar. Slowing Down of the Chinese Economy (under 6%). Collapse of Stock Market and Financial Products. Pressures from Globalization upon Developed and Developing Economies. Lack of Investment in Infrastructure. Obstacles from heavy Regulation in the Economies
• Geostrategic Risks. Shake Up of Europe(“America’s Opportunity” – China’s Withdrawl ). International Terrorism. Spread of Nuclear Power. Iran. North Korea. Instability in Afghanistan. Supranational Crime and Corruption. Israel and Palestine. Iraq. Collapse and Aftermath of Arab Spring. Vacuum of Global Governance.
• SYSTEMIC RISK. Possible loss or destruction of the whole system rather than of one only of its units. Systemic risks grow because of interaction among the units, merely because of weak links within the system.
• RISK AND INVESTMENT STRATEGIES. Companies today face increasing and complex problems of risk which were traditionally viewed as laying outside enterprenaeurial interest and concern. Insurance of business activity is often burdened with high cost if there are no risk assessment procedures
Brief: The course will be of interest to all those concerned with the character and features of modern social organization as well as students interested in the designation of modern business strategies and investment allocation.
THE COMMUNICATIONS STRATEGY - TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES
1. Communication and Media Studies use an array of specialised techniques and tools for the implementation of their objectives. The aim of the course will be to discuss the methods employed to get successful communication campaigns off the ground. There is going to be a discussion of the discourse of politics in the past and in the present time and the role that communication and media play in its realization
2. Communications policy and the New Communication Environment. The media and the new social realities. The messages transmitted and the targets they aim to influence. Messages tuned to apply to average intellect. Politics is Communication. The Media live on messages. Consumer society and communication strategies.
3. Message Construction for efficient advocacy campaigns. Policy and strategy with a communication edge. Policy advocacy is the main purpose of the communications strategy, and it involves as an ultimate objective the promotion of a favourable environment for activities positively related to our policy strategy. The aim will be to increase the awareness of the general and specialised public concerning the benefits of the policy.
4. Paradigm of Message Construction (Competition in a Free Market Environment) The Essence of Competition. Competition Violations and their Aftermath. Problems of State Intervention in the Economy. The Message of Competition
5. Message Communication Initiate policy events on all critical issues. Stress the contribution of the initiating agency (Firm, Ministry etc) to the better functioning of the economy or the relative vocation. Expand your target audiences.
Printed material must be easy to understand.
6. Persuasion Techniques. Strategies for Message Penetration. Present news the way media desire. Messages should be coordinated. Relate stories to real perceptions.
Effort is to change perceptions
Workshop : Techniques of speaking in Public, on TV, on giving Interviews, in Debates
The course will most probably be rewarding for people interested to pursue business or public policies successfully and who aim to deliver messages clearly across a diverse public. Will also enable participants to get acquainted with the stimulating contemporary communications scene and understand its methods and tools. It will also be useful for those who wish to understand the logic and techniques behind interesting public cross arguments and deliveries.
Legal Writing Workshop
For Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University Law Faculty, Summer School 2012
Professor Marian Dent email@example.com
16 in-class academic hours plus writing exercises for homework.
This course covers the basics of common law legal reasoning and analytical legal writing, in English. The course assumes that the participants are soon to become attorneys and are hoping to work in international law firms or international companies, and thus the course objective is to familiarize students with the “best practices” that these employers expect to see in young lawyers’ writing.
Students will explore differences in writing for common law/versus civil law trained environments, will learn the parts of a case brief, a client letter and a legal memorandum, will practice the basic "IRAC" technique of legal writing, will study and practice logical organization in legal writing, and will improve sentence and paragraph structure. The course stresses the logic of legal writing and development of legal thinking. Students will also review conventions of written legal English, including, specifically, completing exercises in topics such as punctuation, using active voice, structuring sentences, organizing paragraphs, and creating logical flow between paragraphs.
The course is taught with a combination of lecture, discussion, games and oral and written exercises. Students will spend considerable time discussing and criticizing actual examples of legal writing produced for clients by (and reprinted by permission of) various international law firms. Students will be given several short writing assignments.
Session 1 (4 hours) Legal Reasoning. The session will start with Charle’s Calleros “Grocery Game” for learning legal analysis. Students will discuss the differences between civil and common law reasoning, will learn to spotting different types of legal analysis, and will learn to summarize legal analysis through case briefing. Homework—Complete the Actor’s Gallery Memo. Brief Mayzit v Russia.
Session 2 (4 hours) Macro-Organization. This session will review the exercises from the previous day, and then will introduce how to macro-organize complex legal research; will discuss the most common analytical documents that lawyers write, and will break down these documents into their parts to explain best practices for organization using a classic method called “IRAC.” Homework: Write exercise 1, the Tea Letter, Read Exercise 5, the Bankman Letter and be prepared to discuss it in class.
Session 3 (4 hours) Macro-Organization continued. This session will begin with an exercise based on the Tea letter, and then will review the Bankman Letter in great detail, and will complete and review the Legal River exercise in class. If there is time the class will begin Micro-organization.
Session 4 (2 hours) Micro-Organization. The session will concentrate on writing in plain English by finding and eliminate excess words and using concrete nouns and verbs, and avoiding modifier errors. Homework: Prepare the exercises at the end of the chapter for discussion in class.
Session 5 (2 hours) Micro-Organization continued. This session will review the homework exercises from the previous session and will introduce organizing within paragraphs using topic sentences, topic strings and old and new information flow.
Contract Drafting Seminar
For Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University Law Faculty
Summer School 2012
Professor Marian Dent firstname.lastname@example.org
4 in-class academic hours
This short seminar is designed to improve students’ understanding of the intricacies of contract law and to familiarize them with practical contract drafting skills. While this course is taught in English, and all drafting is done in English, most of the issues reviewed should be useful for drafting any international or domestic contracts.
Due to the limited time, the class will review both substantive contract law and drafting skills in a mainly lecture format, with powerpoint slides.
Session 1 (2 hours). Contract Fundamentals. This session will overview, from a legal and linguistic viewpoint, substantive contract issues such as offer and acceptance, resolving indefinite terms, consideration in Anglo-Saxon contract law, legality, capacity, avoiding mistaken assumptions and non-performance, contract conditions, and damages. A short homework exercise may be given.
Session 2 (2 hours) Drafting Basics. This session will finish anything on contract fundamentals that was not covered in the previous session, will review the homework, and then will discuss English language drafting considerations: the use of connectives, the meaning of “shall” and “will”, and avoiding or using ambiguous language. The session also teaches the “3 Ps” of good contract drafting: Predict, Protect, and Prescribe.
Prof. Demetrius Floudas
Professor Demetrius Floudas, Oratory Skills& Public Speaking
Some lawyers are natural public speakers and argue for a living. If you are one of them, this course can improve on your pre-existing talent. If, however, you shy away from public speaking and think that you don’t need advocacy skills, think again. Consider less obvious situations, for example when you might be asked to present at a seminar or persuade recruiters to hire you in a job interview. And most lawyers, at some time in their careers, run the risk of having to appear in court, even if they don’t do so regularly.
Objective of the Course: This course aims to develop the English language oral communication and argument skills of law students, practicing lawyers, and other professionals, through study and practice with voice training, understanding and using body language, balancing logic and passion, effective questioning and interviewing, active listening skills, and effectively responding to questions. It will also give you practice in analytical reasoning: spotting and focusing on key legal issues, learning to dismiss extraneous or irrelevant arguments, and predicting what questions a judge or counter-party might ask.
Becoming a good advocate takes years of practice and is a skill that you will develop over time. However, this short but intensive course will jump start the process both through teaching the theory and techniques of effective oral argument, and through giving you a chance to practice, try new techniques, and hone your skills in a fun and relatively risk free environment. This being a practical module, the majority of the time will be devoted to developing skills by utilising practical exercises, alone or in small groups. Also, a number of debates and moots that involve the whole class will be organized.
Assessment: The students will be graded throughout the class according to their performance in the daily debates & workshops
Professor Demetrius Floudas, How to Win in International Competitions
This is a follow-up course to course IX (Oratory Skills& Public Speaking), but it can well be taken on its own by interested participants. It will involve the preparation and presentation of one demonstration debate before the whole Summer School (students & Faculty) on the final day of the School (4 August). The topic will be determined.
Assessment: The best qualified team will be awarded a prize.
Prof. Vladimir Lisnyak
Successful negotiations (rus)
“The odds of a plaintiff's lawyer winning in civil court are two to one against. Think about that for a second. Your odds of surviving a game of Russian roulette are better than winning a case at trial. Twelve times better. So why does anyone do it? They don't. They settle. Out of the 780,000 cases filed each year, only 12,000, or one and a half percent, ever reach a verdict. The whole idea of lawsuits is to settle, to compel the other side to settle. And you do that by spending more money than you should, which forces them to spend more money than they should, and whoever comes to their senses first, loses. Trials are a corruption of the entire process, and only fools with something to prove, end up ensnared in them. And when I say prove, I don't mean about the case. I mean about themselves...” (Jan Schlichtmann).
"Ambulance Chaser" written by Steven Zaillian, from the book by Jonathan Harr "A Civil Action"
Objectives: To introduce students of law to one of the most important lawyering skills.
Prerequisites: 1) Good understanding of spoken and written English is strongly advisable the workshop materials are in this language of international negotiations. 2) Ability to get rid of a lightweight approach to the subject with which lawyers face almost every day.
Workshop Length: 10 hours
Number of participants: 20 students
Methodology: The workshop is based on Socratic Method. Video clips and discussion. Exercises and discussion. PPP and discussion.
Texts: Exercises and tests taken from a variety of domestic and foreign sources.
Equipment needed: projector with USB port for PowerPoint presentation with and video clips made from instructor’s laptop with its testing by instructor before the workshop.
Prof. Andrew Mendelssohn
Legal English Terms (eng)
Legal Terminology – Intro to Common Law
Introduction to and origins of the English Language and the Anglo-American Common Law system. Topics will include English History, circa 4th Century AD to 14th Century AD, the Roman occupation and withdrawal, the Viking and Norman invasions, and the origins of Law and Equity.
A continuation of the discussion of law versus equity. A description and discussion on legal versus equitable remedies, and when each applies. Commentary on why Contract/Tort Remedies are almost always exclusively Legal – ie money – while Property remedies are usually Equitable. Finally, a discussion on the mental element required for most torts and crimes, and an introduction to intentional torts/crimes, negligence and strict liability.
Case: Daniels v. Arkansas. A discussion of the death penalty. How to dissect cases. Issue spotting. A further discussion of negligence, with an emphasis on the question of forseeability. What damages should be recoverable and what damages are simply too far removed from the original action to have a remedy. Using a current TV show, Suits, a discussion of the ramifications a law firm would face in the US and/or England and Wales should it be discovered that a lawyer with that firm not be licensed… with an emphasis on negligence remedies, contract remedies, and reminder about fraud and other intentional torts. Lastly, commentary on the Wagon Mound No.1 and Palsgraff cases.
Contracts. A discussion on the fine line between contracts and torts in common law. Case: Hadley v. Baxendale – the limits of recoverable damages, and forseeability and contract law. Remedies when contracts are improperly formed – a reminder of equity’s role in righting wrongs when legal remedies don’t exist. A discussion of what constitutes a contract – case: Carbolic Smoke Ball.
Property Law – Case: Pierson v Post. The rule of capture and how analogy allows a two hundred year old case to have modern relevance. How courts can analogize wild animals to underground water and eventually oil and gas.
Konstantin Egorov, Ph.D, associate professor
Training «Legal Counseling Skills» (rus)
The training aims to develop professional communication skills of a legal advisers. This is the one of the such skills-training, as training of public speaking, negotiation and effective communication. Skills learned at the training will increase an effectiveness of lawyer and client relations. The main emphasis of the training is the first meeting with the client's consultant, because it in many ways determines the entire subsequent process of providing a legal assistance to a client.
The training program consists of the following parts:
· A structure of a consultation and a legal service
· A content of each stage of a consultation
· The techniques to establish contact with a client
· Planning for a client meeting. Aims.
· Required preliminary explanations to a client before a legal advice (plan, confidentiality, interest’s conflicts, payment, etc.)
· Explanation and clarification of a client’s needs, goals and expectations.
· The techniques of an active listening
· The techniques of an attainable goal-setting
· The legal analysis: A legal qualifying of the relationships. The vector of problems-solving. Possible risks and costs.
· The extra-legal analysis. The extra-legal risks.
· The legal decisions and the legal products are necessary for a client. Consultation. Documents. Representation.
· The informed consent of the client
· Creation of prerequisites for a long-term cooperation.
Mode of assessment. Lecturer assesses the participants based on their activity in the exercises, presentations of the results of the small groups.
The training will be useful for the graduate students and the legal advisers.
Aram Orbelyan, Ph.D
Managing a Law Firm (rus)
Leadership: issues of ethics (rus)
«Brown bag» “New Priorities in State Service” (eng)
Prof. Andreas Andrianopoulos
«Brown bag» “Politics as a Vocation” (eng)
Aram Orbelyan, Ph.D
«Brown bag» “New Priorities in State Service” (eng)