Functionalized Magnetic Materials for biomedicine and nanotechnology center

The Radiography and Physical Materials Science research and education centre

General information

The Radiography and Physical Materials Science research and education centre comprises the Laboratory for Functional Powder and Carbon Composite Materials, Basic and Applied Materials Science Laboratory, and the Laboratory for Metallography, Mechanochemostiry, and Non-equilibrium Phase Transition Processes.

Laboratory for Functional Powder and Carbon Composite Materials

Head of the Laboratory – Prof. Aleksey Chesnokov

Research areas

  • developing methods for manufacturing objects using composite materials with tailored properties and studying property inheritance and reproduction,

  • studying technologies for manufacturing high-pressure vessels and composite liners,

  • testing vessels under elastic and plastic strain,

  • technology for manufacturing reinforcing structures and related carbon-carbon materials.

The team headed by Prof V.V. Savin focuses on creating and applying powder materials obtained through inert gas atomisation of melt for manufacturing:

  • Fe-Nd-B high-energy permanent magnets and relevant magnetic devices;

  • hydrogen accumulators (metal hydrides of rare earth metal alloys) and relevant kinematic (pneumatic), electrochemical, and power systems;

  • explosion-proof hydrogen supply equipment for industrial and household needs;

  • rare earth elements containing powder catalysers of different chemical and fraction compositions;

  • powder materials for additive technologies for manufacturing objects from metal alloys of varying chemical compositions.

The Laboratory was created to facilitate the development of research on composite construction and functional materials carried out at the Fabrika science park.

The Laboratory’s team is planning to work on the optimisation of high-pressure vessel structure and manufacturing technology. Improving the technology and introducing reinforcing nanoparticles will make it possible to increase the interlaminar strength of the reinforced layer. Fabrika’s laboratories are planning to study the physical and mechanical properties of composite materials, as well as the behaviour of materials under overpressure in the areas of elastic and plastic deformations above 100 MPa. Other objectives include studying multi-cycle loading with overpressure, developing a technology for improving the specific parameters of shells and reducing the performance dispersion of cylinders through enhancing the composite material using nano-reinforcement.

The Laboratory seeks to improve the technology for manufacturing small-diameter unidirectional carbon-fibre composite rods. Nano-sized inclusions will be used to ensure special properties in the carbon material. The technology for manufacturing reinforcing rod structures is being developed.

The Laboratory has launched a project entitled ‘Studying, developing, and introducing a technology for carbon-fibre composite material manufacturing’. The Laboratory works in a collaboration with the Belarusian Powder Metallurgy Association.

Research will be carried out in partnership with companies from Kaliningrad, Moscow, and the Chelyabinsk region. The Laboratory will develop a technology for pyrocarbon treatment of obtained structures, including those with nano-sized inclusions. The facilities of the Fabrika science park will conduct physical and mechanical and X-ray structure studies of the materials.

Today, the Laboratory headed by Prof. V.V. Savin focuses on a basic problem that has practical significance for priority research areas, namely, obtaining an anisotropic metal alloy structure with a wide range of functions (for instance, Fe-Nd-B high-energy permanent magnets) using the hot straining method in the presence of a eutectic composition in the alloy.

This objective corresponds to the list of critical technologies presented in a Presidential Decree of July 2011 on nanomaterials manufacturing and processing. It also meets the requirements the ‘Rare and rare earth metal’ component of the Federal industrial competitiveness programme, since the proposed class of powder micro- and nanomaterials will make it possible to develop advanced technologies for processing alloys containing up to 50% of rare earth materials. Russian powder materials technologies and the achievements of national scholars will be used to ensure a lower cost of production as compared to existing analogues. This will contribute to improving Russia’s position in the global REM alloy markets so that it can compete with China – their principal producer.

Laboratory for Basic and Applied Materials Science

The Laboratory is headed by Prof Vladimir Leitsin

Research areas

  • Basic and applied composite materials science (including bio and medical ceramics); studying durability, fatigue, and long-term strength, cumulative damage processes in structured materials and materials obtained through additive manufacturing;

  • Physiochemical properties of self-propagating synthesis and ceramic materials sintering, including the development of a theory of initiated chemical transformations in ultrafine metal/metal and metal/non-metal materials under thermomechanical stress;

  • Computer simulations and calculations of synthesis and sintering parameters in ceramic materials and multicomponent multiphase laminate and powder systems.

Overview of the ‘Computer simulations of interrelated processes’ research area

Today, there are few theories capable of accurately describing key mechanisms behind the activation of interrelated processes of synthesis under dynamic thermomechanical stress, heterogeneous heating of chemically reacting materials, or phase transitions and conditions for reactions characterised by unstable state parameters and structures at all stages of chemical transformations. To develop a theory of chemically reacting media that would be instrumental in assessing key factors and modes of structured composite materials and coatings, it is necessary to take into account the wide variety of physiochemical processes and dynamic characteristics of reacting media and build a model of reacting media. A model of chemically reacting media should contribute to the development of experimental methods for studying the kinetics of physiochemical processes and modern synthesis technology for obtaining composite coatings used in power and aircraft engineering, engine technology, etc. An interesting research area is combining the methods of selective laser sintering (SLS) and self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) in the framework of the rapid prototyping technology. Rapid heating, which is characteristic of laser impact in SLS processes, is comparable to intensive dynamic loading. Resulting processes are in a non-equilibrium state and they cannot be described using the classical powder metallurgy approaches. Today, the SHS method combined with intensive termomechanical stress is intensively studied in Russia, the US, China, Japan, Israel, the Netherlands, Poland, and other countries. Theoretical and practical results have been obtained in different fields of chemical physics, methods for process simulations in reacting media, composite materials mechanics, solid body physics, and modern materials science, all this contributing to the improvement of current materials production techniques. A transition to the nanoscale level accelerated research in this area.

Research object

Dynamic compaction and thermal shock of a heterogeneous body, heat transfer in multi-phase media with heat sources and sinks, induced liquid and gas filtration, kinetics of chemical transformations, changes in heterogeneous medium parameters. Disperse systems under high pressures and temperatures in a practically significant range of parameter changes. Synthesis and sintering initiation in laminate systems. A model of selective laser sintering combined with self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. Composite materials and coatings synthesis techniques.

Theoretical significance and novelty

The practical contribution of this research is the development of a method for assessing the conditions and practices of structured composite materials manufacturing in the process of dynamic compaction of reacting powder materials, including laminates, and practices of manufacturing non-conventional construction materials and coatings through synthesis. This research is a contribution to the ‘Nanosystem and materials industry’ R&D project aiming to develop a technology for synthesising new materials and develop modern approaches to studying process parameters of synthesis. The theoretical level of results obtained is comparable to best international practices, whereas some of the findings prove to be groundbreaking. The theory of dynamic and thermomechanical initiation of discrete energy-related materials will facilitate the development of a new technology for synthesising elements from structured composite materials through combing selective laser sintering and self-propagating high-temperature synthesis in the framework of the rapid 3D prototyping technology.

Expected results

The developed approach can contribute to studying the practices of mechanically activated synthesis of nanostructured materials and related composites, providing a basis for a new technology for synthesising ultra- and nanostructured refractory and heat-resistant materials and elements of structures coatings – a technology that will combine mechanical activation, compaction, and shaping. It can also be used in developing courses and syllabi for master and PhD students in mathematical modelling, chemical physics, nanomaterials and nanotechnology, physics of kinetic phenomena, mechanics of deformable solid body, and materials science and materials technology. Such studies will ensure the development of the mechanics of deformable reacting solid body, an increase in the number of reacting laminate and powder systems as computer simulation objects, studies into ultrafast solid phase transformations at the shock pulse front, and the development of a modern theory of physiochemical processes in materials obtained through additive manufacturing. They will also contribute to the development of a new basic research area – the theory of mechanically activated synthesis of composite materials with micro- and nanoscopic structures.

The study is carried out within the University’s priority research area ‘Materials science, nanosystems, and medical biotechnology’.

Equipment

1. Laboratory for Basic and Applied materials science:

Electropuls E1000 fatigue testing system

-          configuration: twin column load frame with actuator in upper crosshead

-          ±1000 N dynamic load capacity and ±710 N static load capacity

-          high dynamic performance, capable of operating at over 100 Hz

-          60 mm stroke

-          measurement accuracy of 0.5 %

-          a wide range of tests

Environment chamber:

•      temperature range: -80 to +250°С

•      dimensions: 245 х 240 х 230 mm

•      a 120 l Dewar

Temperature-regulated bath

•      fatigue testing in a liquid environment

Y.Cheetah microfocus X-ray system

Manipulation

-          2D and 3D images

-          Inspection area (max.) 460 mm x 410 mm

-          Sample size (max.) 800 mm x 500 mm

-          Oblique viewing +/-70°

Open X-ray tube

-          Voltage range 25–160 kV

-          Current range 0.01–1.0 mA

-          Detail detectability < 1 µm

Application:

-          Printed circuit boards

-          Electronic and mechanical modules

-          Electromechanical components and plugs

-          Semiconductor packaging and interconnects

-          Sensors

-          MEMS and MOEMS

SHiMADZU HMV G21ST micro Vickers hardness tester

Application

•      Metal Microstructures

•      Welds and other adhesion points

•      Paint layers and metallic plating

•      Fine Ceramics

•      Small Precision Devices (Gears, Axels, Cams)

•      Electronic components (ICs, PCBs)

•      Thin samples (metal foil, razor blades)

•      Wire materials (tire cords, piano wire) 

•      Medical-related items (artificial teeth, bones)

Multi turret function:

•      two indenters

•      four objective lenses

Measurement modes:

•      Vickers hardness HV;

•      Knoop hardness HK;

•      Length L (μm);

•      Fracture toughness Kc

2. Laboratory for Metallography, Mechanochemostiry, and Non-equilibrium Phase Transition Processes

  • Ind 500 induction furnace;

  • a scanning station based on a SIAMS-800 solid body microstructure analyser for panoramic applications in reflected and transmission light, including an OLYMPUS BX-51 metallographic microscope and a SIAMS Drive System;

  • Emax and and РМ 100 high energy ball mills (Retsch GmbH);

3. Laboratory for Functional Powder and Carbon Composite Materials

  • A CNC device for binding fibres of different chemical compositions, including carbon and glass fibres, for manufacturing large objects (up to 1,500 mm) with a software package for 3D modelling and automation of preproduction and production of composite objects of a complex 3D shape.

Research Team

Савин В.В.Radiography and physical materials science research and education centre

Prof. Valery Savin, Director

(VVSavin@kantiana.ru; tel. +7 9062184707; extension 9010);

Basic and Applied Materials Science Laboratory

Prof. Vladimir Leitsin, Director

(VLetsin@kantiana.ru; tel. +7 9114876171; extension 9100);

Laboratory for Functional Powder and Carbon Composite Materials

Prof. Aleksey Chesnokov

(ACHesnokov@kantiana.ru; tel. +79114797838; extension 9012);

Laboratory for Metallography, Mechanochemistry, and Non-equilibrium Phase Transitions

(VVSavin@kantiana.ru; tel. 8 9062184707; extension 9010);

Publications

Publications

Details

Authors

1

Nonuniformities in a Fe84B16 amorphous alloy observed using small angle X-ray scattering

Izvestiya vuzov. Black metallurgy, 5, 81-83

Skakov Yu.A.,

Edneral N.V.,

Martinson G.V. (1982)

2

Kratky collimation in a KRM-1 small angle camera in studying metal alloys in a glass-like state

Zavodakaya laboratoriya [Factory Laboratory], l, 52-54

Chirikov N.V., Shelekhov E.V. (1983)

3

Studying concentration nonuniformities in Fe amorphous alloys using the small angle X-ray scattering method

Amorphous metal alloys, 50-54

Chirikov N.V. (1983)

4

The effect of alloy cooling rate on the phase structure in Fe-Co-Nb and Fe-Ni-Nb systems

Izvestiya vuzov. Black metallurgy, 5, 85-90

Skakov Yu.A., Dyakonova N.P.,

Semina V.K. et al. (1984)

5

Phases in Co-Fe-Nb and Ni-Fe-Nb systems during solidification in the conditions of super rapid cooling and subsequent heating

Stable and unstable phase equilibriums in metal systems, 176-181

Dyakonova N.P.,

Skakov Yu.A. (1985)

6

Structure and phase composition of Fe76R16B8 (R=Pr,Nd) alloys solidifiying in super rapid cooling conditions

Metallofizika, V.10, 3, 38-53

Brekharya G.P.,

Maslov V.V.,

Ovsienko D.E. et al. (1988)

7

Amorphisation of transition (V) – non-transition (VIII) metal alloys

Metallofizikam V.11, 2, 25-29

Dyakonova N.P.,

Semina V.K., Skakov Yu.A. (1989)

8

Formation and stability of Laves phases in a Ni-Fe-Nb system

FMM. V.68, 1. 143-149

Savin V.V.(1989)

9

Amorphisation of eutectic alloys in a Sc-Co system during rapid cooling

Metallofizika, V.12, 5, 90-93

Nemoshkalenko V.V., Rudnev Yu.V. (1990)

10

Structure and magnetic properties of doped Fe-Nd-B alloys quenched from a liquid state

FMM, 1, 63-66

Brekharya G.P.,

Vasilyeva E.A.,

Konev N.N.

et al. (1990)

11

Formation and stability of amorphous phases in a Y-Co system

Metallofizika. V.12, 4. 58-62

Brekharya G.P.,

Nemoshkalenko V.V. (1990)

12

The effect of thermal treatment on the structure and properties of Fe-Nd-B permanent magnets

FMM. 12, 60-66

Rudnev Yu.V.,

Brekharya G.P.,

Vasilyeva E.A. et al. (1990)

13

The effect of interstitial impurities on the crystallisation of a Ni58Nb42 amorphous system

Amorfnye (stekloobraznye) metallicheskie materialy [Amorphous (glass-like) metal materials], 94-97

Brekharya G.P.,

Savina L.A.,

Prokoshina G.F. (1992)

14

The effect of rapid cooling on the formation of phases in eutectic alloys of a Sm-O system

Metallofizika. V.14, 9, 80-84

Brekharya G.P.,

Nemoshkalenko V.V.,

Rudnev Yu.V. (1992)

15

The structure of E93-type phases in a

Ni-Nb system

Materials Science Forum, Vol. 133-136, 493-500

Savin V.V. (1993)

16

The methods of diffraction analysis of the structure-phases transformation in magnetic alloys of a Fe-Nd-B system

Materials Science Forum, Vol. 133-136, 437-442

G.P. Breharya, S.V. Bogun, E.A. Vasilyeva, V.V. Savin (1993)

17

The effect of thermal cycling on the structure and properties of Fe-Nd-B permanent magnets

FMM, V.76, 2, 129-133

Brekharya G.P.,

Vasilyeva E.A.

Girzhon V.V. et al. (1993)

18

Peculiarities of macro- and microstructure in melt-quenched Ni58[Nb(l-x)V(x)]42 alloys

Materials Science Forum. Vol. 166-169, 393-400

(1994)

19

Structure of Phases Formed in Alloys of Fe(co)-Ni-Nb System in quenching from the liquid State at cooling rates close to critical

J. of Advanced

Materials. Vol.2, 6, 479-484

Snezhnoi V. L.

Vagin A. V. (1995)

20

A method of thermal treatment of Fe-Nd-B permanently sintered magnets

Invention Approval N506644 9/02 (039794).

Brekharya G.P.,

Vasilyeva E.A.,

Girzhon V.V. (1995)

21

Estimation of the form-factor of scattering volume in diffractometric changes in the phase lattice period in alloys of powder samples

Zvodskaya Laboratoriya [Factory Laboratory], 7, 23-26

Savin V.V., Chayka V.A. (1996)

22

Manufacture of gas-atomized Fe-TM-Nd- REM-B alloys and magnets from them

J. of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol. 157/158, 49-50

Ternovoy Yr.F.

Borkovskih V.A.

Nedolya A. V. (1996)

23

Structure of phases forming in the Fe(Сo)-Ni-Nb system alloys during quenching from a liquid state at a cooling rate close to critical

Perpspektivnye materialy [Advanced Materials], 6, 65-70

Snezhnoy V.L.

Vagin A.V. (1996)

24

Gas atomized powders of hydride-forming alloys and their application in rechargeable batteries

J. of Alloys and compounds, Vol. 253-254, 594-597

Solonin Yr.M.,

Solonin S.M.,

Skorohod V.V. (1997)

25

The effect of doping on the magnetic susceptibility of Ni-Nb alloys

Metallofizika i noveyshii tekhnologii [Physics of metals and advanced technology], V.19, 80-8З

Vagin A.V. (1997)

26

An analysis and classification of intermetallic compounds of alloys of PM system and their propensity for amorphous solidification

Zaporozhye State University

Vagin A.V. (1997)

27

Formation of amorphous powder alloys of a Cu-Ti system during a mechanical activation of powder blends

Poroshkovaya metallurgiya [Powder Metallurgy], 7-8, 118-121

Chayka V.A. (1998)

28

Using hydrogen for the production of Fe-Nd-B system permanent magnets

International J. of Hydrogen Energy, 24, 263-267

Borkovskikh V.А.,

Kostenko R.V.,

Kostenko Е.Yu. (1999)

29

Formation of metastable phase equilibrium and amorphisation in an AL26Zr74 alloy

International J. of Hydrogen Energy, 24, 115-117

Kostenko R.V.,

Chayka V. A. (1999)

30

A method of thermomechanical treatment of powder and granular materials

Patent 28215А.

N95083770.-

Ukraine

Ternoviy Yu.F., Borkovskikh V.A. et al. (2000)

31

A method for obtaining metal powders based on rare earth metals

Patent 28214А. N95083764. -

Ukraine

Ternoviy Yu.F.,

Borkovskikh V.A. et al. (2000)

32

Chemical and physical aspects of production. A methodological framework

Zaporozhye State Technical University

Chayka V.A. (2000)

33

Modification of the granular structure of the Fe-Nd-B system alloys in the conditions of rapid cooling

Voprosy atomnoy nauki I tekhniki [Problem of Atomic Science and Technology]. ‘Vacuum, pure materials, and superconductors’ series, 5, 139-145

Evstafenko A.V. (2003)

34

Domain walls dynamics in the amorphous ribbon with a helical magnetic anisotropy

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 1-12

Sheiko L.M.

Lemish P.V.

Troschenkov Y.N. (2005)

35

A calculation of the Мs saturation magnetic moment and the Hm static magnetic field topology near the lateral edges of silicon iron triaxial ferromagnetic plates with a flat surface (011)

Fizika metallov i metallovedenie [Physics of metals and metal science], V. 99, 1, 5-13

Sheiko L.M.

Bagriychuk A.S. (2005)

37

Chrystal chemistry of interstitial phases and amorphous alloys based on transition metals

A Monograph. Zaporozhye National University

Kostenko Yu.A.

38

The behavior of amorphous alloys under swift heavy ion irradiation at room temperature

Nukleonika, 50(4), 149-152

A.Yu.Didyk

A.Hofman

V.K.Semina

E.Hajewska at al (2005)

39

Domain walls dynamics in the amorphous ribbon with a helical magnetic anisotropy

J. of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 206, 176-187

Zhmetko D.N.

Lemish P.V.

Troschenkov Y.N. (2006)

40

The effect of copper and carbon on the properties of Fe76Nd16B8 permanent magnets

Metallofizika. Noveyshii technologii [Physics of metals. Advanced technology], V.28, 3, 383-395

Brekharya G.P.

Bovda O.M.

Bovda V.O. et al. (2006)

41

Structural and physiomechanical properties of pyrocarbon-treated fibre-reinforced carbon/carbon composite materials

Voprosy metallovedeniya [Problems of Metal Science], 3 (47), 70-77

Kulik V.I.

Borkovskikh V.A.

Borkovskikh N.N. (2006)

42

The effect of thermomechnical treatment of carbon-fibre-reinforced polymers on the mechanical strain association with carbonisation

Voprosy atomnoy nauki I tekhniki [Problem of Atomic Science and Technology], 1 (15), 110-113

Borkovskikh V.A.

Borkovskikh N.M. (2006)

43

A heat resistant material

Patent 75255, Ukraine

Borkovskikh V.A., Borkovskikh N.M. (2006)

44

Quenching from a liquid state through gas atomisation for manufacturing high-energy permanent magnets of a Fe-Nd-B system

Proceedings of the Materials and Mechanisms of Sea Transport. Research and Reinforcement Methods international conference,

25-47

(2008)

45

Modifying the magnetic structure and properties of metal alloys using heavy ion irradiation

Proceedings of the 20th Radiation Physics of a Solid Body international council, 22-26.

Semina V.K. (2010)

46

Heavy ion irradiation as a method for modifying the magnetic structure and properties of metal alloys

Proceedings of the 21st Radiation Physics of a Solid Body international council, 317-321.

Semina V.K. (2011)

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