Functionalized Magnetic Materials for biomedicine and nanotechnology center

Laboratory of Novel Magnetic Materials

General information

The Laboratory of Novel Magnetic Materials was established in June 2013. The Laboratory is headed by Dr. Valeria Rodionovf (

The research staff and graduate students are actively involved in both research and education activities. Researchers of the Laboratiry initiated and organized the first interdisciplinary international conference in Russia ( – “International Baltic Conference on Magnetism: focus on biomedical aspects”.

Scientists from different countries often visit the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University and the Laboratory to discuss the latest breakthroughs in the development, creation and study of new materials, the use of advanced magnetic materials as well as new methods in biomedicine. The Laboratory researchers often present the results of their work at international conferences. They are frequently invited as keynote and guest speakers to numerous international conferences. They publish articles in reviewed journals indexed in Scopus and the Web of Science.

Current research projects:

  1. Development of physical principles of creating a magnetic manipulator based on partially coated two-phase magnetic microwires (partly funded by a state grant (2014-2016), and partly by the RFBR)

  2. Development of a magnetic field sensor based on the magnetoplasmons crystal (funded by the RFBR)

  3. Management of phase transitions of the 1 and 2 type in intense media (tapes, microwires, films) (financed by the RFBR).

Participation in international conferences:

  • International Conference on Applied Mineralogy and Advanced Materials, (Castellaneta Marina, Italy, June 7-12, 2015) “Magneto-optical sensor based on maglasminic crystal” Speakers – V.Belyaev, A.Grunin, A. Fedyanin, and V.Rodionova. International Conference on Superconductivity and Magnetism (Turkey, Antalya, April 27- May 2, 2014)

  • “Tailoring magnetic properties of amorphous ferromagnetic microwires” Speakers - V. Rodionova, K. Chichay, V. Zhukova, M. Ipatov, N. Perov, A. Zhukov.

  • Donostia International Conference on Nanoscaled Magnetism and Applications (Spain, San Sebastian, September 09-13, 2013) “Manipulation of domain wall dynamics in magnetically bistable amorphous ferromagnetic glass-coated microwires by annealing”
    Speakers - V. Rodionova, K. Chichay, V. Zhukova, M. Ipatov, A. Zhukov.

Education Courses for bachelor and master students:

  • Physics of Condensed Matter

  • The physics of disordered and low-dimensional systems

  • The problems of solid state physics

  • Magnetic phenomena

  • Optical Phenomena

  • Phase transitions and dimensional structure



ARCAST Arc and induction melting furnace

Arc melting option
– Induction melting option
– Tilt casting with mould options (for arc melting)
– Continuous casting (for ingot production)

Technical specifications:

  • Vacuum range: 10-4 – 10-5 Pa

  • Mass of the alloy: up to 50 g

  • Temperature in the crucible: not less than 2000° C

Magnetron sputtering setup ORION-8-UHV (AJA International)


  • Possibility of deposition of materials using from 1 up to 5 sources simultaneously

  • Deposition of oxides or nitrides with a reactive gas supply to the substrate

  • Substrate heating up to 100-850 C, before and during deposition

  • Limit base pressure in the vacuum chamber is not worse than 10-8 Torr


Lakeshore 7400 System Vibrating Sample Magnetometer

A vibrating sample magnetometer or VSM is a scientific tool that measures magnetic properties. It is possible to investigate the dependence of magnetic moment or resistance versus magnitude of magnetic field in a wide temperature range for different types of materials (soft and hard magnetic materials, different alloys) and shapes of the samples (bulk materials, thin films, ribbons, microwires e.t.c.).

Technical specifications:

  • 1 × 10-7 emu noise floor at 10 s/pt

  • 5 × 10-7 emu noise floor at 0.1 s/pt

  • High stability ±0.05% per day

  • Excellent reproducibility

  • Fields up to 1.5 T

  • Widest available temperature range – 77 K to 1,273 K

  • Autorotation option

Magnetoresistance probe option specifications:

  • Temperature range 20 – 673 K

  • 6 current ranges; 1 μA to 100 mA

  • 9 ranges: 0.2, 2, 20, 200 Ohm; 2, 20, 200 kOhm; 2, up to 10 MOhm

  • Probe tip compliance voltage: 0 V to 5 V – measurement, 0 V to 100V – contact formation

Differential Scanning Calorimeter NETZSCH 204 F1 Phoenix

Differential scanning calorimetry is a primary technique for measuring thermal properties of materials to establish a connection between temperature and specific physical properties of materials. One of the main usages of this technique is to research thermal transitions in a wide range of materials. DSC can be used in different areas – in physics, chemistry, cell biology, pharmacology and other.

Technical specifications:

  • Temperature range: 93-973 K

  • τ-sensor sensitivity: 3.2 μV/mW

  • Cooling/Heating rate: 0.001 to 200 K/min

  • Specific heat measurement range: 200-2000 J/kg*K

Thermogravimetric Analyzer NETZSCH TG 209 F3 Tarsus

Thermogravimetric analysis is an analytical technique used to determine a material thermal stability by monitoring the weight change during temperature change. TGA can provide information about physical properties of materials, such as second-order phase transitions, including sublimation, vaporization, absorption and adsorption, also including chemisorption, dehydration and decomposition.

Technical specifications:

  • Temperature range: 248-1273 K

  • Mass of the sample up to 2000 mg

  • Resolution: 0.1 µg

  • Heating and Cooling rates: 0.001 K/min to 100 K/min

Setup for measurements of magneto-electric effect

This setup allows to investigate the direct magneto-electric effect on multiferroics heterostructures (plates, ribbons and thin film structures), namely, to measure the electric voltage that occurs in the magnetic field.

Technical specifications:

  • Temperature range: 170-400 K

  • DC magnetic field up to 500 Oe

  • AC magnetic field up to 10 Oe

  • Frequency range: 0 – 200 kHz

  • Sensitivity: – 1 mV

This setup was specially developed for the Laboratory of Novel Magnetic Materials.

Setup for measuring magnetostriction properties

Technical specifications:

  • Magnetic field range with core:  0 – ±1,7  kOe without core:  0 – ±280 Oe

  • Magnetic field change rate: from 0,25 Oe

  • Voltage range: 0 – 2 kV

  • Range for piezoelectric and piezomagnetic module: from 1 • 10-6 to 2000 • 10-6 С/N;

  • Sensitivity: 0,5 – 1 ppm

  • Maximum value: 1000 ppm

Setup for measuring the magnetostriction coefficient using the Small Angle Rotation Magnetization method

For measurements of the magnetostriction coefficient of amorphous ferromagnetic microwires the Small Angle Rotation Magnetization is used. This method was extended to investigate the magnetostriction coefficient for all types of microwires with high resolution.

Technical specifications:

  • Max applied field: 50 Oe

  • Length of sample: 70-80 mm

  • Max resistance of sample: 1 kOhm

  • Sensitivity: 10-8

Magneto-optical spectroscopy setup

Magneto-optical spectroscopy is a universal method of diagnostics of nanostructured systems. This method provides unique data on magnetic and electronic structures, mechanisms of scattering of charge carriers as well as the nature of interband transitions.

Technical specifications:

  • Wavelength range from 0,23 um to 12 um provided by different light sources: halogen lamp or globar IR source with a monochromator; He-Ne and diode lasers

  • Different types of modulation of light beam: optomechanical, photoelastic, magnetic field

  • The setup supports experiments in different geometries: transmission (Faraday and Focht) and reflection (PKE, MKE, TKE)

  • Possibility of creating AC and DC magnetic fields with magnitude up to 300 Oe

  • Wide temperature range from 77K to 500K provided by special options

  • High flexibility provided by easy replacement of all modules of the setup. The setup can be modified for different tasks

The setup now is in the process of installation and calibration.

This setup was specially developed for the Laboratory of Novel Magnetic Materials.

Setup for direct magnetocaloric effect measurement MagEq MMS 902

Technical specifications:

  • Magnetic field change rate: from 0,25 to 6 T/s

  • Temperature range: from 150 to 370 K

  • Magnetic field range: -1,802 – +1,802 T

Setup for measuring local nucleation field distribution along the bistable microwires

This setup contains a very short exciting coil that induces a reverse domain nucleation that is detected by a pick-up coil. After each measurement, a motor drive moves slightly the microwire and the next measurement is taken. In this way, a distribution of local nucleation field is measured. The local nucleation fields are highly affected by different inhomogeneities (defects) existing inside the microwires. Thus, this equipment can be used for a quality control of microwires.

Technical specifications:

  • Maximal detectable nucleation field 50 Oe

  • Velocity of measurements: 5-50 cm/min

  • Spatial Resolution: 0.5-5 mm


Cryomech LNP40 Nitrogen generator

Technical specifications:

  • Performance: 40 litres per day

  • Liquid N2 purity: 99%

  • Capacity: 160 litres

Ball milling (Retsch E-Max) and Pellet press (Retsch PP25)

Ball milling (left) and pellet press (right) photo

The Emax is a ball mill for high energy milling.


  • Continuous grinding operation without interruptions for cooling down

  • Producing fine particles within shortest amount of time

  • Grinding down to the nanometer range

The PP 25 is a compact benchtop unit. It ideally suits for the preparation of solid samples for XRF analysis. The pellets produced are of high quality and are characterized by their high degree of stability. The piston pressure can be read off from the clearly visible manometer scale


  • Pressure force: 25 t

Research Team

Валерия РодионоваValeria Rodionova, Head of Laboratory, Associated

Ksenia Chichay, researcher

Sergey Shevyrtalov, researcher

Victor Belyaev, researcher

Irina Baraban, researcher

Kristina Gritcenko, researcher

Alyona Litvinova, Master Student

Alexei Baraban, postgraduate student

Vladimir Rodionov, engineer

Alexander Omelyanchik, engineer

Murat Annaorazov, senior researcher

  1. Manuel Vázquez, Rhimou ElKammouni, Galina V. Kurlyandskaya, Valeria Rodionova, and Ludek Kraus, Bimagnetic Microwires, Magnetic Properties, and High-Frequency Behavior" Chapter 7 in Novel Functional Magnetic Materials, Springer Series in Materials Science 231, A. Zhukov ed. (Springer, 2016) 279-310, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-26106-5_7;

  2. Vladimir V. Khovaylo, Valeria V. Rodionova, Sergey V. Taskaev, Anna Kosogor, Damping Properties of Magnetically Ordered Shape Memory Alloys, Materials Science Forum, 845 (2016) 77-82, doi: 10.4028/;

  3. V. Bessalova, N. Perov, V. Rodionova, New approaches in the design of magnetic tweezers - current magnetic tweezers, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, doi: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2016.03.038;

  4. Gaspare Varvaro, Davide Peddis, Gianni Barucca, Paolo Mengucci, Valeria Rodionova, Ksenia Chichay, Alberto Maria Testa, Elisabetta Agostinelli, and Sara Laureti, Highly Textured FeCo Thin Films Deposited by Low Temperature Pulsed Laser Deposition, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7 (40) (2015) 22341–22347, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b06030;

  5. A. Zhukov, K. Chichay, A. Talaat, V. Rodionova, J.M. Blanco, M. Ipatov and V. Zhukova, Manipulation of magnetic properties of glass-coated microwires by annealing, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 383 (2015) 232–236, 10.1016/j.jmmm.2014.10.003;

  6. Ch. Gritsenko1, I. Dzhun, N. Chechenin, G. Babaytsev, V. Rodionova, Dependence of the exchange bias on the thickness of antiferromagnetic layer in the trilayered NiFe/IrMn/NiFe thin-films, 75 (2015) 1066–1071, Physics Procedia, doi: 10.1016/j.phpro.2015.12.176;

  7. Konstantin P. Skokov, Yury G. Pastushenkov, Sergey V. Taskaev, Valeria V. Rodionova, Micromagnetic analysis of spin-reorientation transitions. The role of magnetic domain structure, Physica B: Condensed Matter, 478 (2015) 12-16, doi: 10.1016/j.physb.2015.08.044;

  8. S. Shevyrtalov, K. Chichay, P. Ershov, V. Khovaylo, A. Zhukov, V. Zhukova, V. Rodionova, Temperature Dependent Magnetic and Structural Properties of Ni-Mn-Ga Heusler Alloy Glass-Coated Microwires, ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 127 (2) (2015) 603-605, DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.603;

  9. K. Chichay, V. Rodionova, M. Ipatov, V. Zhukov, A. Zhukov, Effect of Temperature and Time of Stress Annealing on Magnetic Properties of Amorphous Microwires, ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 127 (2) (2015) 600-602, DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.600;

  10. I. Iglesias, R. El Kammouni, K. Chichay, N. Perov, M. Vazquez, V. Rodionova, Magnetic Properties of CoFeSiB/CoNi, CoFeSiB/FeNi, FeSiB/CoNi, FeSiB/FeNi Biphase Microwires in the Temperature Range 295-1200 K, ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 127 (2) (2015) 591-593, DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.591;

  11. I. Dzhun, N. Chechenin, K. Chichay, V. Rodionova, Dependence of Exchange Bias Field on Thickness of Antiferromagnetic Layer in NiFe/IrMn Structures, ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 127 (2) (2015) 555-557, DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.555;

  12. V. Belyaev, A. Grunin, K. Chichay, S. Shevyrtalov, A. Fedyanin, V. Rodionova, Magnetic Properties of Magnetoplasmonic Crystals Based on Commercial Digital Discs, ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 127 (2) (2015) 546-548, DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.546;

  13. V. Rodionov, V. Rodionova, M. Annaorazov, Phase Transitions in Fe-Rh Alloys Induced by Temperature, ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 127 (2) (2015) 445-447, DOI: 10.12693/APhysPolA.127.445;

  14. Rodionov V.V., Rodionova V.V., Annaorazov M.P., Heat pumping scheme based on inducement of the F-AF transition in FeRh by pressure, Solid State Phenomena, 233-234 (2015) 192-195, DOI: 10.4028/;

  15. IGLESIAS Irene, EL KAMMOUNI Rhimou, CHICHAY Ksenia, VAZQUEZ Manuel, RODIONOVA Valeria, High temperature properties of CoFe/CoNi and Fe/CoNi biphase microwires, Solid State Phenomena, 233-234 (2015) 265-268, DOI: 10.4028/;

  16. Ksenia Chichay, Valeria Rodionova, Mihail Ipatov, Valentina Zhukova, Arkady Zhukov, Manipulation of magnetic properties and domain wall dynamics of amorphous ferromagnetic Co68.7Fe4Ni1B13Si11Mo2.3 microwire by changing of annealing temperature, Solid State Phenomena, 233-234 (2015) 269-272, DOI: 10.4028/;

  17. Rodionova V., Dzhun I., Chichay K., Shevyrtalov S., Chechenin N., Enhancement of exchange bias in NiFe/IrM, IrMn/NiFe and NiFe/IrMn/NiFe structures with different thickness of antiferromagnetic layer, Solid State Phenomena, 233-234 (2015) 427-430, DOI: 10.4028/;

  18. Rodionova V., Shevyrtalov S., Chichay K., Okubo A., Kainuma R., Umetsu R. Y., Ohtsuka M., Bozhko A., Golub V., Gorshenkov M., Lyange M., Khovaylo V., Temperature dependent magnetic and structural properties of Co2(Fe, Ti)Ga thin films, Solid State Phenomena, 233-234 (2015) 674-677, DOI: 10.4028/;

  19. Victor Belyaev, Andrey Grunin, Andrey Fedyanin, Valeria Rodionova, Magnetic and Magneto-Optical Properties of Magnetoplasmonic Crystals, Solid State Phenomena, 233-234 (2015) 599-602, DOI: 10.4028/;

  20. A. I. Grunin, A. Yu. Goikhman, V. V. Rodionova, S. S. Medvedeva, Features of the phase formation in Ni-Mn-In Heusler alloy thin films, Journal of Surface Investigation. X-ray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques, 9 (3) (2015) 451-456, DOI: 10.1134/S1027451015030064;

  21. K. Chichay, V. Rodionova, V. Zhukova, S. Kaloshkin, M. Churyuknova, A. Zhukov, Investigation of the magnetostriction coefficient of amorphous ferromagnetic glass coated microwires, Journal of Applied Physics, 116 (2014) 173904,

  22. R. El Kammouni, I. Iglesias, K. Chichay, P. Svec, V. Rodionova, M. Vazquez, High-temperature magnetic behavior of soft/soft and soft/hard Fe and Co-based biphase microwires, Journal of Applied Physics, 116 (2014) 093902,;

  23. Vladimir Khovaylo, Valeria Rodionova, Maria Lyange, Ksenia Chichay, Elena Gan’shina, Andrey Novikov, Georgy Zykov, Alexei Bozhko, Makoto Ohtsuka, Rie Y. Umetsu, Akinari Okubo, Ryosuke Kainuma, Magnetic, magnetooptical and magnetotransport properties of Ti-substituted Co2FeGa thin films, Proc. of SPIE 9172 (2014) 91720M, doi: 10.1117/12.2061650;

  24. Vladimir V. Khovaylo, Valeria V. Rodionova, Sergey N. Shevyrtalov, and Val Novosad, Magnetocaloric effect in “reduced” dimensions: Thin films, ribbons, and microwires of Heusler alloys and related compounds, Phys. Status Solidi B, 251 №10 (2014) 2104-2113, DOI: 10.1002/pssb.201451217;

  25. V. Rodionova, K. Chichay, V. Zhukova, N. Perov, M. Ipatov, P. Umnov, V. Molokanov, A.Zhukov, Tailoring of magnetic properties of amorphous ferromagnetic microwires, Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism (2014), DOI 10.1007/s10948-014-2777-8;

  26. Valentina Zhukova, Valeria Rodionova, Leonid Fetisov, Alexey Grunin, Alexander Goikhman, Alexandr Torcunov, Alexandr Aronin, Galina Abrosimova, Alexandr Kiselev, Nikolai Perov, Alexandr Granovsky, Tomas Ryba, Stefan Michalik, Rastislav Varga, and Arcady Zhukov, Magnetic Properties of Heusler-Type Microwires and Thin Films, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, (2014) DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2014.2324494;

  27. A.I. Grunin, I.I. Lyatun, P.A. Ershov, V.V. Rodionova, A.Yu. Goikhman, Optimization of technologies of Heusler alloy Ni-Mn-In thin films formation by pulsed laser deposition, Bulletin of the I. Kant Baltic Federal University, 4 (2014) 18—23 (in Russian);

  28. N.G. Chechenin, P.N. Chernykh, S.A. Dushenko,·I.O. Dzhun, A.Y. Goikhman, V.V. Rodionova, Asymmetry of Magnetization Reversal of Pinned Layer in NiFe/Cu/NiFe/IrMn Spin-Valve Structure, Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism 27 (2014) 1547–1552, DOI 10.1007/s10948-013-2473-0;

  29. K. Chichay, V. Rodionova, V. Zhukova, M. Ipatov, A. Zhukov, Manipulation of magnetic properties and domain wall dynamics in amorphous ferromagnetic microwires by annealing under applied stress, Solid State Phenomena, 215 (2014) 432-436, doi:10.4028/;

  30. V. Zhukova, J.M. Blanco, V. Rodionova, M. Ipatov, A. Zhukov, Fast magnetization switching in Fe-rich amorphous microwires: effect of magnetoelastic anisotropy and role of defects, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 586 (2014) S287–S290,;

  31. V. Rodionova, M. Ilyn, A. Granovsky, N. Perov, V. Zhukova, G. Abrosimova, A. Aronin, A. Kiselev, and A. Zhukov, Internal stress induced texture in Ni-Mn-Ga based glass-covered microwires, Journal of Applied Physics, 114, 123914 (2013);

  32. A. Zhukov, J. M. Blanco, A. Chizhik, M. Ipatov, V. Rodionova, and V. Zhukova, Manipulation of domain wall dynamics in amorphous microwires through domain wall collision, Journal of Applied Physics, 114, 043910 (2013);

  33. A. Zhukov, V. Rodionova, M. Ilyn, A.M. Aliev, R. Varga, S. Michalik, A. Aronin, G.Abrosimova, A. Kiselev, M. Ipatov, V. Zhukova, Magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect in Heusler-type glass-coated NiMnGa microwires, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 575 (2013) 73–79;

  34. K. Chichay, V. Zhukova, V. Rodionova, M. Ipatov, A. Talaat, J. M. Blanco, J. Gonzalez, and A. Zhukov, Tailoring of domain wall dynamics in amorphous microwires by annealing, Journal of Applied Physics, 113, 17A318 (2013);

  35. V. Rodionova, M. Ilyn, M. Ipatov, V. Zhukova, N. Perov, J. Gonzalez, and A. Zhukov, Spectral Characteristics of the Arrays of Magnetically Coupled Glass-Covered Microwires, SENSOR LETTERS, Vol. 11 (2013) 115–118;

  36. J. M. Blanco, A. Chizhik, M. Ipatov, V. Zhukova, J. Gonzalez, A. Talaat, V. Rodionova, A. Zhukov, Manipulation of Domain Wall Dynamics in Microwires by Transverse Magnetic Field, Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 62, No. 10, (2013) 1363-1367;

  37. A.I. Novikov, I.S. Dubenko, A.I. Grunin, A.Yu. Goikhman, P.A. Ershov, V.V. Rodionova, E.A. Ganshina, A. Zhuk ov, V. Zhukova, A.B.Granovskiy, Magnetic and magnetooptical properties of Ni-Mn-In Heusler alloys films produced by pulsed laser deposition method, Materialovedenie (Materials Science) №7 (2013) 11-14 (in Russian);

  38. Samsonova V.V., Karpenko O.I., Koptsik S.V., Perov N.S., Rodionova V.V., Benediktova A.I., Investigation of the soils magnetic properties in the surroundings of the “Severonikel”, Physical Problems in Ecology (Ecological Physics) № 19 (2013) 442-447 (in Russian).

5 top 100 Office

14 A. Nevskogo ul., Kaliningrad, 236041

+7 (4012) 59-55-95 (5100)
fax: +7 (4012) 46-58-13